Schlegel, August Wilhelm


Schlegel, August Wilhelm
(1767-1845)
   Scholar, critic, translator. Among the most accomplished of Shakespearean critics in German, Schlegel also became Shakespeare's greatest advocate and translator. He was convinced that Shakespeare was not a "pre-neoclassical primitive," as many had concluded, but instead had a vast and comprehensive dramatic insight that superseded any formal considerations. Shakespeare was neither primal nor uncivilized nor a nonrealistic playwright, according to Schlegel, but a concrete thinker in his plays. Such convictions were at wide variance with those of Schlegel's contemporaries, who often regarded Shakespeare as a gifted poet who wrote for an undeveloped theater culture. Shakespeare's anachronisms, Schlegel contended, were not weaknesses but rather a sign of confidence both in himself and in the age in which he lived. He also felt that Shakespeare knew exactly how to employ structure for maximum effect and created characters "who behave according to their own internal laws." Schlegel insisted that Shakespeare's dramatic form was extremely "compressed," and therefore the language in the plays had more functions than did normal speech in everyday life. As verse "is more concentrated in meaning than prose, it was a natural language for Shakespeare's stage." Schlegel's comprehensive knowledge of Shakespeare was due to his translations of the plays, and his influential essays established Shakespeare as a national figure in Germany.

Historical dictionary of German Theatre. . 2006.

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  • Schlegel, August Wilhelm von — born Sept. 8, 1767, Hannover, Hanover died May 12, 1845, Bonn German scholar and critic. He worked as a tutor and wrote for Friedrich Schiller s short lived periodical Die Horen before cofounding with his brother Friedrich von Schlegel the… …   Universalium

  • Schlegel, August Wilhelm von — (8 sep. 1767, Hannover, Alemania–12 may. 1845, Bonn). Académico y crítico alemán. Se desempeñó como tutor académico y escribió para la revista de Friedrich Schiller Die Horen, de corta vida, antes de fundar junto a su hermano, Friedrich von… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SCHLEGEL, AUGUST WILHELM VON —    German man of letters, born at Hanover; studied theology at first, but turned to literature and began with poetry; settled in Jena, and in 1798 became professor of Fine Arts there; was associated in literary work with Madame de Staël for 14… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • August Wilhelm Schlegel — Portrait par Albert Gregorius au Château de Coppet August Whilhelm von Schlegel, né le 8 septembre 1767 à Hanovre, mort le 12 mai 1845 à Bonn, est un philosophe, critique, orientaliste et traducteur allemand et l un des principaux théoriciens du …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • August Wilhelm Rehberg — (* 13. Januar 1757 in Hannover; † 10. August 1836 in Göttingen) war ein hannoverischer Staatsmann, Philosoph und politischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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